WAEC is an abbreviation for the West African Examination Council. It is an examination body whose function is to conduct the Secondary School Certificate Examination (SSCE) exams. This certification exam is a very important one as it is recognized all over the world and can be used to gain employment in certain government, private and public organizations and companies. This certificate is also important in the sense that it is one of the crucial documents that is required to gain admission into higher institutions. Though it can be substituted with other O’Level certificates such as NECO, NABTEB, GCE, etc.
However, we have organized these articles to tell you all you need to know about WAEC, including how to register for the exam and the best subject combinations. Therefore, do not be in a haste to move out this page as we’ve also got all your questions covered herein. We would also show you the possibilities of using the cert gotten from the exam to apply for scholarship opportunities.
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Table of Content
Here are things you will find in this post;
Brief History of WAEC
In the year 1948, a meeting was held in London and this meeting featured the university of London school examination matriculation council, the University of Cambridge local examination syndicate, and the West African departments of education. The purpose of this meeting was to deliberate on the best examination policies that will best suit West Africa. After this meeting, in the next year 1949, the director of the universities London institute of education, late Dr. G.B Jeffrey, F.R.S. was invited by the British secretary of state, this was for the colonies to visit West Africa to study hence advise on a proposal that there should be instituted a WEST AFRICAN EXAMINATION COUNCIL.
After the investigation which started from Dec 1949 to March 1950, during the tour of four West African countries which are: Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Gambia, and Ghana, Dr. Jeffrey submitted his report, strongly supporting the proposal for establishing a West African Examination Council and staying the duties and composition of the council.
In late March 1950, the government of four West African countries adopted and published the report, without reservation, and an ordinance establishing the council as a cooperative body was drafted by the West African inter-territorial secretariat in conjunction with the government of the countries. The ordinance was first passed by the legislative of Ghana (then called the gold coast) in December 1951 as the ordinance of the West African Examination Council No. 40 of 1951 was later made effective by similar enactments by the government of Nigeria, Sierra Leone, and the Gambia.
An office was set up temporarily with a small staff set up at the offices of the West African inter-territorial secretariat located in Accra. This office was headed by the late Mr. Kenneth Humphreys. He was the first registrar of the council. In early 1953, the Accra office was moved to a building near the former department of education on Rowe road which the Ghanaian government made available, and a site for more permanent offices was secured at Achimota
In that same year, the government of Nigeria made provision of a large block of offices at the technical institute Yaba, Lagos state, which became the seat of the deputy registrar. The council in the meantime works through the department of education in Gambia and Sierra Leone.
Liberia became the 5th member country to join the council. She was admitted to full membership of the council during the 22nd annual meeting held in Lagos in March 1964. In April 1976, two years after Liberia became a member of the council, an office of the council was established in Liberia and the council moved to its separate building in Monrovia in 1977.
The Management Crew
The chief executive officer of the West African Examination Council is the Registrar. The office of the Registrar is in Ghana, Accra where the headquarters is sited. Each member country has a national office, which is headed by the national head of service, who is In charge of the activities of the council in the country, while the Registrar manages the five national offices. The head of the service is also charged with the responsibility of supervising other divisions and departments of the council such as the head of the research division; the director of finance; the director, of the human resources division; the director of the audit; the director of the administration as well as the representative of the council in London. In the five-member nations of the council, the national heads of service also manage the various departments and divisions.
In each member country, the council’s function is carried out through two-line divisions which are
#1. The Test Development Division:
This division is responsible for developing the syllabus and the rest to be enacted
#2. The Test Administration Division:
This division is charged with the responsibility of conducting the tests and issuing results and certificates.
These divisions are being supported by other divisions such as the finance divisions, the computer service division, and the general administration department in achieving their goals quickly and effectively. The results so obtained by these heads of departments are being sent to the registrar.
#3. The West African Examination Council Members
CHAIRMAN: Mr. Baboucarr buoy.
VICE-CHAIRMAN: Dr. Alhaji Mohammed Kamara.
- Prof. Benard Kumi Boateng
- Mr. Victor Yanney
- Mrs. Evelyn Arthur
- Prof. G. Kankam.
- Mrs. V.A. Mavis Amoa
- Mr. Benjamin K. Gyasi
- Prof. Kwasi Opoku Amakwa.
- Malam Ibrahim Mohammed yahaya.
- Mr. Imo Akpanudo.
- Mr. Nasir Bello.
- Mr. Margaret I. Omosule.
- Prof. Kazim Adebiyi.
- Mrs. Felicia Titilayo Okeji.
- Mrs Anselem Izuagie
- Prof. Faruk Aliyu Kalgo
- Prof. Solomon A. Olorundare
- Prof. Victor C. Kogah
- Alhaja Mulikat Ayoni Hello
- Hajia Benita Abdulkadir.
- Mr. Lamin A. K. Sanyang
- Alhaji Alpha A. Kahn
- Mr momodou Lamin taro
- Mr Ebrima sisawo.
- Hon. Alexander N. Duopu
- Rev Emmanuel Kparh
- Mrs. Charlene A. Carey
- Hon. media Herring mensa.
- Mr. Victor J. Kamara
- Rev.Sis S.L Scott manga
- Dr. Alhaji Mohammed Kamara
- Mr. Solomon Fofana.
- Mr. Mohammed Salieu Bah.
Mr. Pateh Bah.
1. Mr. A.B. Kamara–Free town, Sierra Leone
2. Mr. D.G. Gbotoe–Monrovia, Liberia
3. Mrs. W.E. Addy Lamptey–Accra, Ghana
4. Mr. Olutise Isaac Adenipekun–Lagos, Nigeria
5. Pa Samba Baldeh–Banjul, The Gambia
- Mr. O.I. Adenipekun–Head of National Office.
- Mrs. F.N. Iweha Onukwu–SDR, Test Development
- Mrs. J.S. Obebe–Director of Finance.
- Mr. M.O. Omoregie–Director, ICTD.
- Mr. Y.D. Ari–Director of Administration.
- Mr. P.E. Areghan–SDR, Test Administration.
- LEGAL DEPARTMENT: Mrs. N.G.O. Otoborkeyan.
- PUBLIC AFFAIRS DEPARTMENT: Mr. D. Ojijeogu.
- PURCHASING DEPARTMENT: Mr. A.O. Azeez
- WORKS DEPARTMENT: Dr. O.F. Dacosta
- APTITUDE TEST DEPARTMENT: Mrs. H.O. Hassan.
- SECURITY PRINTING DEPARTMENT: Mr. S.D. Kum.
- TREASURY: Mr. A.I. Oyelade
- ACCOUNT AND BRANCHES: Mr. K.O. Kolawole
- EXPENDITURE: Mr. V.C. Odu
- PRIVATE CANDIDATE EXAM DEPARTMENT: Mrs. G.U. Chukwudi Nwoko.
- SCHOOL EXAMS DEPARTMENT: Mr. H.S.A. Osindehinde.
- SCRIPT ROOM AND EXAMINERS RECORD: Mrs. J.C. Olugu.
- SECURITY EXAM CO-ORDINATION: Mr. S.T. Babajide.
- AG. CONTROLLER, SCIENCE DEPARTMENT: Mr. D.A. Lawal.
- CONTROLLER, LANGUAGES: Mrs. H.I. Ifeachor.
- CONTROLLER, PED: Dr. A.J. Dangut.
- CONTROLLER, MTSD:Engr. A. Adebolu.
- CONTROLLER, ABHSD: Mrs. T.O. Danjuma.
- MEDICAL SERVICES: Dr. A.O. Adadeji.
- MEETING UNIT: Mr. J.R. Adebayo.
- HRMD: Mr. A.O Faboro.
- SYSTEMS DEPARTMENT: Mrs. O.O. Adekoja.
- OPERATIONS DEPARTMENT: Mrs. O.A. Ajayi.
- PRODUCTION CONTROL DEPARTMENT: Mr. F.A. Adewale.
- PROGRAMMING DEPARTMENT: Alhaji A.B.E. Olorunnisola.
- E-FACILITY DEPARTMENT: Mr. P.O. Ajala.
- Mr. I.E. Ojo.–Lagos.
- Mr. F.M. Gaiya.–Kaduna.
- Mr. O.A Awolola.–Sokoto.
- Mr. M.O. Bakare.–Ibadan
- Mr. C.O. Agwu.–Enugu
- Mrs. E.N. Onodu.–Benin.
- Mr. A. Okelezo.–Uyo
- Mr. D.A. Oluwafemi.–Owerri.
- Mr. J.O. Oke.–Abuja.
- Mr. G.S. Dandak.–Portharcourt.
- Mr. J.A. Ogunyale.–Jos
- Dr. M.O. Busari.–Osogbo.
- Dr. T.O. Akintunde.–Abeokuta.
- Mrs. F. Bawa.–katsina.
- Mr. J. Zakar.–Makurdi.
- Mr. A.H. Olajide.–Ado Ekiti.
- Mr. L. Okoronkwo.–umuahia.
- Mr. O.O. Agunbiande.–Yola
- Mr. G.O. Mgbike.–Abakiliki.
- Mr. K.A. Bello.–Jalingo.
- Mr. S.P. Audu.–Bauchi.
- Mr. I.I.A. Igwe.–Akwa.
- Mr. A. Sofela.–Minna.
- Mr. W.B. Amobe.–Ilorin.
- Mr. A.L Suberu.–Kano.
- Mr. D.E. Enoma.–Asaba.
- Mr. O.E. Oladele.–calabar.
- Mr. R.O. Iroh.–Yenagua.
- Mr. J.O. Ibitoye.–Ikorodu satellite office
- Mr. A. Zakariya’u.–Maiduguri zonal office.
- Mr. A.S. omorose.–lafia branch office.
- Mr. N. Ogbeba.–Ojo satellite office.
Why Write WAEC?
The WAEC Secondary School Certificate Examination is an examination written by students who are about to leave their secondary school level education. The WAEC SSCE certificate is one of the prerequisites which must be obtained to gain admission into tertiary institutions. Though other SSCE certificates can be used to secure admission into tertiary institutions the WAEC SSCE certificate is superior to them such that is recognized all over the world, unlike national examination bodies which are only recognized only in the country.
It is essential for a student who is about to graduate from secondary school to have your WAEC SSCE certificate because it can serve many purposes such as
Location Of WAEC Headquarters
The headquarters of the West African Examination Council as we previously stated is located in Ghana, Accra (capital of Ghana). Particularly it is located at Nelson Mandela avenue, off gulf street (behind gulf house), Opkongolo.
P.O. BOX. GP 125, Accra, Ghana.
WAEC Exam Centres
The West African Examination Council (WAEC) has accredited centers for conducting its examinations. In Nigeria, all state has several centers where WAEC exams can be conducted. These centers can be secondary schools or centers established by the council herself. There exist some requirements which these potential WAEC centers must meet to gain accreditation and be recognized as a WAEC exam centers.
Centers that engage in illicit acts like encouragement in examination malpractice, collection of bribes, and other corruptible acts are being barred and banned from organizing WAEC exams, and this might lead to seizure of examination results.
How To Register For WAEC
There are a series of steps prospective WAEC candidates must take to register for their WAEC exam. These steps as strictly stated below must be followed with care as any mistake will be detrimental to any candidate that deviates.
Steps To Register For WAEC
STEP 1: Login
This is the first stage of registration, and in this stage, prospective candidates are required to capture their details such as fingerprints, etc. using biometric data computer software. This can be done in any registration center with a fingerprint scanner to read and record the biometric data of the prospective candidate. During this process, you must ensure that your names are also captured in the right order such as your surname, first name, and middle name. Other names too.
STEP 2: Biodata
Here, you are expected to get your bio-data captured, the bio-data includes your gender, blood group and genotype, marital status, disabilities (if any), date of birth, nationality, state of origin, etc. It is worthy of note that your name must not exceed the total number of forty (40) characters, including the spaces involved ( that is; the space between the first name and middle name and that between middle name and last name).
STEP 3: Picture Capture Using Webcam
At this stage, you are expected to take a picture. The picture must be taken with the following specifications.
2.0MP, 750p USB 2.0, High resolution RGB support hi-speed USB 2.0, certified 2.0 megapixel sensor Up to 30 frames per second. It is generally recommended to use MICROSOFT LifeCam HD 3000 WEBCAM.
STEP 4: Contact Information
It is of great importance that your contact details are included in the data you submit during registration, in case the need to call your attention arises and other reasons attached to it.
So at this stage, you are required to supply information about how you can be reached or your contact information. You are expected to supply information such as telephone number, email, postal address, residential address, city of residence, and state.
STEP 5: Subject Selection
There are three main courses of study in a secondary school which are; Science, Social science, and Arts. These courses have a unique subject combination.
At this stage, the student is expected to choose his subject combination according to the course studied in secondary school. English language and mathematics are compulsory for all courses, so they are automatically selected for you, you are then expected to select an extra seven (7) subjects to make it up to a total of nine (9) subjects required for the exam. The maximum number of subjects required for the exam is ten (10) and a minimum of nine (9).
STEP 6: Declaration
Here you are expected to fill the declaration form by ticking the right boxes, but before this, you are expected to read it up and make valid choices to avoid mistakes. This stage is a very important one and you must do it in other to move to the next stage.
STEP 7: Submitting Registration
As soon as you are done with your registration form, you will have to click the accept button after which a preview of your details will be displayed to crosscheck and correct errors or modify your data, to do this you are required to click this EDIT button. You can save your application by clicking the SAVE button and by doing so you can still come back and still modify your application, but you can only do so three(3) times, after which you won’t be able to edit further.
Hence, click on the SUBMIT button provided when you are ready to submit your application. It is worthy of note that after you must have submitted your application by clicking on the submit button, you won’t be able to edit or edit your application again, so it is advisable to be sure of your application before you submit it.
STEP 8: Printing Of Admission Notice/Photocard
After you must have completed and submitted your registration form, your examination number will be generated by the system and your examination center will be allocated to you. You are then required to print the admission notice/photo card. You are to know that this document/printout serves as your exam permission card, that is to say, that, if you don’t have it you will not be allowed to enter the exam hall to write your exams.
WAEC Application Fee
The payment of the WAEC examination fee is done in any of the following banks: Access bank Plc, Eco Bank Plc. Intending candidates are expected to pay the sum of thirteen thousand, nine hundred and fifty nairas (#13,950) only to register for the exam. As soon as the payment is made they will be issued the information or orientation VCD, and their Registration Pin.
WAEC Subject Combination For All Courses
As you know, the three (3) main faculties in secondary school are the Science, Arts, and Commercial arts. These faculties have the core courses that define them. For example, science has Biology, Physics, and Chemistry as its core courses, these courses are therefore compulsory for all science students, so is the same for the other remaining faculties like the Arts and Commercial arts faculty.
In WAEC, you are required to register a minimum of nine seven (7) subjects, what this means is that you will borrow some courses from other faculties after you must have included your faculty core courses. The following are THE BEST SUBJECT COMBINATION FOR WAEC REGISTRATION IN ALL COURSES.
- CIVIC EDUCATION
- IGBO, HAUSA, OR YORUBA LANGUAGE.
- ANY TRADE SUBJECT
- ENGLISH LANGUAGE
- CIVIC EDUCATION
- LITERATURE IN THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE
- IGBO, YORUBA, OR HAUSA LANGUAGE.
- ANY TRADE SUBJECT
- ENGLISH LANGUAGE
- CIVIC EDUCATION
- BIOLOGY, AGRICULTURE, OR GEOGRAPHY
- IGBO, HAUSA OR YORUBA
- ANY TRADE SUBJECT
You will observe that the English language, Mathematics, Civic education, A Trade subject, and A Nigerian language are compulsory for all courses.
WAEC Grading System/Admission Requirement
WAEC uses alphabets A-F to grade students’ performance. Each alphabet represents a range of scores obtainable. For example; If a student scored an A what it means is that the student scores nothing less than 75% of the total score. Also, an A1 result is regarded as excellent, B2-very good, B3-good, C4, C5, and C6 are all regarded as credit, D7 and E8 are termed pass, and F9 represents fail.
The following shows WAEC grading by percentage and its interpretation.
B2 (very good)—-70%-74%
To gain admission into any tertiary institution using waec (or any other O’Level certificate) you must make at least credit five (5) credits which must include English language, mathematics, and the relevant core subjects in your field of study. For example, assuming you are a science student, then you are expected to get at least a credit in English language, mathematics, physics, chemistry, and biology else you will end up rewriting the exam to make up failed subjects.
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How To Best Prepare For WAEC Examination
Here we will be talking about some effective tips you will follow to make good grades in your WAEC examination result, though it has been a truism that making good grades or even passing WAEC is a very difficult task to accomplish as many authors and writers have tried to compile or map out effective and generally applicable blueprint to achieving success in WAEC examination. The following are the steps you must follow to make good WAEC results.
#1. You Must Not Be Afraid Of The Exam
It is a common attitude that some WAEC candidates are always afraid of the exam, maybe due to what they heard about the exam or they are just afraid of failure may be for personal reasons.
The thing you need to know about fear is that it is a disadvantage that is detrimental to your success and which you must get rid of. You must jettison fear to achieve success in your exam. So do whatever you can to drain off any form of fear in you so you can think straight because fear affects your thought process, it can make you forget what you have learned. So I advise you to remain fearless in the face of your exams (not only WAEC) and the face of any obstacle inhibiting your success, so you can soar high beyond your imagination.
#2. You Must Be Zealous To Succeed
In addition to this, you must be enthusiastic about passing your exam because zeal and enthusiasm breed success with these qualities you will do anything possible to achieve your aim. These qualities will make you work towards achieving your aim. Zeal is what will make your study and practice because they are part of the measures taken to be successful in WAEC examinations. So do your best to be zealous to pass and pass every well to make outstanding grades.
#3. You Must Start Reading As Soon As Possible
Some do ask what time is the best to start preparing for the WAEC examination, and different answers have been given to the question of the best time to start preparing for the WAEC exam. Some say that the best time to prepare for the exam is when the commencement of registration is announced but some say it should be six (6) months before the exam. In general, it is advisable to commence preparation as early as you can, it can be as soon as you enter senior secondary school you can be serious with your studies knowing that you will face WAEC before leaving school.
What you should know is that you should start your preparation as soon as possible, you can start immediately after reading this post if you haven’t started already. You should know that the quality of your result depends largely on the level of your preparation, and if you fail to prepare then you should prepare to fail, so you should start as soon as possible.
To make excellent grades you must study. You shouldn’t just read your book rather you study it, you must BE IN your studies, therefore, to study you must:
* STUDY VORACIOUSLY:
You are expected to have an appetite to read and practice. You must practice even when it means writing, drawing, oral practice, whatever it takes to get a concept to stick in your head, then you must do. This is something that you need to achieve once for your benefit, so you must do whatever it takes to get it once so read, write, draw, experiment, and just do what you think necessary, to achieve it once.
*YOU MUST USE THE WAEC SYLLABUS FOR STUDY:
The WAEC syllabus is a very useful guide that helps you to know what you are expected to learn in preparation for the exam. In every WAEC syllabus, there are subtopics for every topic listed, those subtopics give a clue on where most questions come from so to get those questions right, you must study your WAEC syllabus in conjunction with your textbooks and class notes. It is worthy of note that you can still do fine without the syllabus in case you don’t have it, the only advantage it gives is the advantage summary gives concerning comprehension, this is to say that the Syllabus tells you the areas of concentration and what you should expect instead of learning all you limit yourself to what is necessary thereby saving time and energy.
*YOU MUST STUDY PAST QUESTIONS:
WAEC exam is no exception to the notion that studying past questions helps to prepare one for an exam. If you want to pass, then you must go through WAEC’s past questions and their answers this is because WAEC always repeat past questions, and having studied them will make those questions look like a bonus in the exam hall, though the question might be asked in another way or its values changed you can still solve it because you have done it before. Note that surely they will try to twist the questions so you must not memorize the answers to the past questions, you should try solving them, and while in the exam hall you must read and understand the question before you choose your answer.
You can form a study group with your friends and solve as many past questions as you can.
#5. Work On Your Handwriting
WAEC is an exam that is made up of both objective and theory parts unlike JAMB and other exams that is made up of objective part alone. Because it is an exam that is handwritten, it requires that you should be able to write in a form that can be seen and understood by the examiner, so this is the reason you must work on your handwriting before you write the exam. People fail WAEC exams due to their inability to write well in a way that it would not be difficult for the examiner to understand quickly what they have written. Your inability to write well might get the examiner upset and can make the examiner fail you. If you have good handwriting you might even earn some marks just by writing well. So I advise you to work on the eligibility of your handwriting before you sit for the exam.
#6. Test Your Abilities
This is a very important point many intending candidates ignore and it has a severe negative effect on the student who doesn’t do it. If you test yourself before exams it will help you know your weakness beforehand and it will help you have an insight into what the exam will be like by then you will be able to know how ready you are for the exam. By testing yourself you are expected to improve on the following:
Time management is nothing every candidate must be good at. You are expected to answer your questions comfortably within the given amount of time. In WAEC, the minimum amount of time given for any subject is two (2) hours, in some subjects like French, Igbo, etc. A lesser amount of time is given and you are required to finish before the given time elapses.
You are advised to finish thirty (30) minutes before stoppage time so you can use the remaining time to crosscheck your answers and make corrections. You can use the past questions to train yourself on this. If you are the type that is slow in writing, then you must start practicing how to write fast and finish on time.
If you have problems with the spelling of words then you should work fast on your spelling skills. Wrong spellings drain marks in WAEC, especially ENGLISH language in essay writing and all of it.
How To Check Waec Result
WAEC result checking is done through two methods which are:
#1. Through The Internet:
The following are the steps you should take to check your WAEC result through the internet
#2. Through Sms:
The process involves sending an SMS in the format
The text will be sent to the shortcode 32327 for Mtn, Airtel, and Glo subscribers.
You must ensure that you follow the format above and there are no spaces between texts.
After typing the texts in the stated format, then you send them. After sending it you will relieve your result.
Note that SMS cost #30
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FAQs On Everything About WAEC | How To Register and Tips
I don't have any language in my waec results but i want to offer linguistics, please can I?
To offer linguistics as a course of study in any tertiary institution in Nigeria you are expected to, in addition to English language and mathematics, have:
* Literature in English
* A Trade Subject
You don’t necessarily need an additional language but you can include it together with other optional subjects to make it up to the minimum number of subjects required.
Can gmail be used in place of email for WAEC?
Yes, it can. You use it to receive information about the exam. But make sure the email or Gmail you use is a valid one and you can have access to it.
Can a waec O'Level holder in Ivory Coast get direct entry to study the French language in LASU?
Yes, it is possible only if the person made good WAEC results as required and he or she will meet other admission requirements like writing JAMB and making it above the cut-off mark.
If I did not write literature in WAEC but I wrote it in a Jamb, will I be able to study law?
To study law you must have English language, mathematics, Civic education, literature in English, and any trading subject in your subject combination. So without literature, you won’t be able to study law even if you write it in JAMB.
Where does the distinction value start from in WAEC?
The highest attainable grade in WAEC is the A1 grade which is called excellent not distinction. You get it when you score from 75-100 marks.
Is the O'Level result the same as the WAEC result?
Yes, it is.
Do I need to come with my WAEC result when coming for clearance?
Yes, you should. And don’t forget to.
Can I use my WAEC ID card instead of my birth certificate for my NIN?
No, you need both and can’t substitute any with another.
Can I gain admission to Caleb university with only my WAEC result?
You can get admission there with your WAEC result acting as your SSCE, but you need to meet other admission requirements.
WAEC is one of the prime exams and an important first Cert every student in West Africa needs to have. So, you have to take the exams seriously as it determines a lot about your career path as a student existing in this space.